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SFP-10G-SR vs. SFP-10G-LR

April 15,2023

With the development of technology, from the original GBIC, XENPAK, X2 to the current SFP28, QSFP2 optical modules are used in different application scenarios. However, based on the market analysis, the 10G SFP+ optical modules are still the most in demand, especially SFP-10G-SR and SFP-10G-LR.

SFP-10G-SR and SFP-10G-LR have different wavelengths, transmission distances, fiber types and laser types:

Module SFP-10G-SR SFP-10G-LR
Wavelength 850nm 1310nm
Transmission Distance 300m 10km
Fiber Type MMF SMF
Laser Type VCSEL DFB
DOM Support Support

SFP-10G-SR optical module, where SR means short range (Short Range), the center wavelength is 850nm, it can be used with 62.5/125um multimode fiber and 50/125um multimode fiber, and its transmission distance will be affected by the fiber type, as follows (refer to IEEE Standard 802.3)

Data Rate Fiber Type

Model Bandwidth @850nm


Distance Range(m)
9.83-11.3Gb/s 62.5/125um MMF 160 26
9.83-11.3Gb/s 62.5/125um MMF 200 33
9.83-11.3Gb/s 50/125um MMF 400 66
9.83-11.3Gb/s 50/125um MMF 500 82
9.83-11.3Gb/s 50/125um MMF 2000 100

SFP-10G-LR optical module, where LR refers to the long range (Long Range), the center wavelength is 1310nm, it is used with 9/125um single-mode fiber, and the effective transmission is 2km to 10km.

Applications of SFP-10G-SR & SFP-10G-LR
Comparison of the characteristics of the two modules shows that the advantages and applications are as follows: SFP-10G-SR optical module has the characteristics of miniaturization and low power consumption. The TOSA laser used is a VCSEL laser, and the cost is low. The short transmission distance is suitable for short-distance application scenarios, such as enterprises, hospitals and data centers. SFP-10G-LR optical module has the characteristics of miniaturization, low power consumption and long transmission distance. It is suitable for medium and long-distance application scenarios, such as campus, industrial districts, and operator customers, big data centers, etc.

When using these two types of optical modules with optical fibers, should be paid attention to the fact that single-mode optical fibers cannot be inserted into multi-mode optical modules, because the divergence angle of the optical signal sent by the multi-mode optical module is large, while the aperture of single-mode optical fibers is small. Too little light enters the fiber to travel long distances. Meanwhile, it is not recommended to multi-mode optical fiber into the single-mode optical module, because although the light emitted by the single-mode optical module can all enter the optical fiber, it is transmitted in multi-mode mode in the optical fiber, and the dispersion is large, so it can only be transmitted over a short distance. And in this case, the optical power of the receiving end will increase, which will cause the optical power over"" of the receiving end. Therefore, it is not recommended to use multi-mode optical fibers with single-mode optical modules.